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Us Mexico And Canada Trade Agreement

The agreement between the United States of America, the United States of Mexico and Canada[1], commonly known as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), is a free trade agreement between Canada, Mexico and the United States in lieu of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). [2] [3] [4] The agreement has been referred to as NAFTA 2.0[5][7][7] or “New ALEFTA[8][9],[9] since many nafta provisions have been introduced and its amendments have been found to be largely incremental. On 1 July 2020, the USMCA came into force in all Member States. There is broad agreement among economists that NAFTA has benefited North American economies. Regional trade increased sharply in the first two decades of the treaty, from some $290 billion in 1993 to more than $1.1 trillion in 2016. Cross-border investment has also increased and U.S. direct investment (FDI) in Mexico has increased from $15 billion to more than $100 billion during this period. But experts also say it has proved difficult to highlight the direct impact of the agreement from other factors, including rapid technological change and expanded trade with countries such as China. In the meantime, discussions continue on the impact of NAFTA on employment and wages. Some workers and industries have faced painful disruptions due to the loss of market share due to increased competition, while others have benefited from the new market opportunities that have been created. On June 1, 2020, USTR Robert Lighthizer`s office released the uniform rules, which are the final hurdle before the agreement is implemented on July 1, 2020. The text of the agreement is available here: ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements/united-states-mexico-canada-agreement/uniform-regulations Mexican Ministry of Economy stresses that the achievements of the T-MEC agreement include the maintenance of free trade for all goods originating; Introducing new disciplines for the trade in recycled products; Modernizing certification systems and verification procedures; facilitate and streamline customs and customs exchanges and transparency of administrative procedures; Establishing coordination obligations between agencies responding to border crossings; and the inclusion of elements relating to copyright, trademarks, geographic indications, patents, undisclosed data protection, commercial designs, trade secrets, the Internet service provider restriction system and enforcement rules. The provisions of the Convention cover a wide range of agricultural products, homelessness, industrial products, working conditions and digital commerce.

Among the most important aspects of the agreement are improving U.S. dairy farmers` access to the Canadian market, guidelines for a greater proportion of automobiles produced in the three countries and not imported from other countries, and maintaining the dispute settlement system, which is similar to that contained in NAFTA. [35] [38] Many workers and union leaders blame trade agreements such as NAFTA for declining U.S. production jobs. The U.S. auto sector has lost about 350,000 jobs – one-third of the industry – since 1994, while employment in Mexico`s auto sector has grown from 120,000 to 550,000.

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